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Ososayensi bezinto eziphilayo badinga ukwenza okwengeziwe ukuze bathuthukise ukuhambisana nokukhiqizwa kabusha kocwaningo lwesiko lamaseli

Sisebenzisa amakhukhi ukuthuthukisa ulwazi lwakho.Ngokuqhubeka nokuphequlula le webhusayithi, uyavumelana nokusebenzisa kwethu amakhukhi.Ulwazi olwengeziwe.
Kunesidingo esiphuthumayo sokuthi imibiko yocwaningo lwesayensi yezinto eziphilayo yamangqamuzana ezilwane ezincelisayo ifaneke kakhudlwana futhi inemininingwane eminingi, futhi ilawule kangcono futhi ilinganise izimo zemvelo zesiko lamaseli.Lokhu kuzokwenza ukumodela kwe-physiology yomuntu kunembe kakhudlwana futhi kube nomthelela ekwenziweni kabusha kocwaningo.
Ithimba lososayensi be-KAUST nozakwabo e-Saudi Arabia nase-United States bahlaziye amaphepha angu-810 akhethwe ngokungahleliwe emigqeni yeseli yezilwane ezincelisayo.Ezingaphansi kuka-700 zazo ezihilela izivivinyo ze-cell culture ngayinye eziyi-1,749, okuhlanganisa nedatha efanelekile ngezimo zemvelo zendlela ye-cell culture.Ukuhlaziya kwethimba kukhombisa ukuthi mkhulu umsebenzi okufanele wenziwe ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukuhlobana kanye nokwenziwa kabusha kwezifundo ezinjalo.
Hlakulela amaseli ku-incubator elawulwayo ngokuya ngamaphrothokholi ajwayelekile.Kodwa amangqamuzana azokhula futhi “aphefumule” ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, eshintshanisa igesi nendawo ezungezile.Lokhu kuzothinta indawo ezungezile ezikhula kuyo, futhi kungase kuguqule i-asidi yesiko, umoya-mpilo oncibilikisiwe, namapharamitha e-carbon dioxide.Lezi zinguquko zithinta ukusebenza kwamangqamuzana futhi zingenza isimo somzimba sihluke esimweni esisemzimbeni womuntu ophilayo.
"Ucwaningo lwethu lugcizelela izinga ososayensi abangakunaki ngalo ukuqapha nokulawula indawo yamaselula, futhi ngezinga imibiko eyenza bakwazi ukufinyelela eziphethweni zesayensi ngezindlela ezithile," kusho uKlein.
Isibonelo, abacwaningi bathola ukuthi cishe ingxenye yamaphepha okuhlaziya yehlulekile ukubika izinga lokushisa kanye nezilungiselelo ze-carbon dioxide zamasiko amaseli abo.Ngaphansi kwe-10% ibike okuqukethwe kwe-oksijini emkhathini ku-incubator, futhi ngaphansi kuka-0.01% babike i-acidity yendawo.Awekho amaphepha abikiwe nge-oxygen encibilikile noma i-carbon dioxide kwabezindaba.
Simangele kakhulu ukuthi abacwaningi baye bangazinaki kakhulu izici zemvelo ezigcina amazinga afanele ngokomzimba phakathi nayo yonke inqubo yesiko lamaseli, njenge-acidity yesiko, nakuba kwaziwa kahle ukuthi lokhu kubalulekile ekusebenzeni kweseli.”
Ithimba liholwa uCarlos Duarte, isazi sezinto eziphilayo zasolwandle e-KAUST, kanye no-Mo Li, isazi sebhayoloji ye-stem cell, ngokubambisana no-Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte, isazi sezinto eziphilayo esithuthukayo e-Salk Institute.Njengamanje unguprofesa ovakashele e-KAUST futhi uncoma ukuthi ososayensi be-biomedical bathuthukise imibiko evamile kanye nezinqubo zokulawula nokulinganisa, ngaphezu kokusebenzisa izinsimbi ezikhethekile zokulawula imvelo yesiko lezinhlobo ezahlukene zamaseli.Amajenali esayensi kufanele asungule izindinganiso zokubika futhi adinga ukuqapha nokulawulwa okwanele kwe-acidity yemidiya, umoya-mpilo oncibilikisiwe kanye nesikhutha.
"Ukubika okungcono, ukulinganisa, nokulawula izimo zemvelo zesiko lamaseli kufanele kuthuthukise ikhono lososayensi lokuphinda futhi bakhiqize imiphumela yokuhlola," kusho u-Alsollami."Ukubhekisisa kungaqhubeza ukutholwa okusha futhi kwandise ukubaluleka kocwaningo lwangaphambi komtholampilo emzimbeni womuntu."
“Usikompilo lwamangqamuzana ezilwane ezincelisayo luyisisekelo sokwenziwa kwemithi yokugomela amagciwane nezinye izindlela zobuchwepheshe bezinto eziphilayo,” kuchaza usosayensi wezasolwandle uShannon Klein."Ngaphambi kokuhlolwa ezilwaneni nakubantu, asetshenziselwa ukutadisha i-basic cell biology, ukuphindaphinda izindlela zezifo, nokutadisha ubuthi benhlanganisela yezidakamizwa emisha."
Klein, SG, njll. (2021) Ukunganakwa okuvamile kokulawulwa kwemvelo kusiko lamaseli ezincelisayo kudinga izinqubo ezihamba phambili.Ubunjiniyela Bezemvelo Bezokwelashwa.doi.org/10.1038/s41551-021-00775-0.
Tags: B cell, cell, cell culture, incubator, mammalian cell, ukukhiqiza, umoya-mpilo, i-pH, i-physiology, preclinical, ucwaningo, T cell
Kule ngxoxo, uSolwazi John Rossen ukhulume ngokulandelana kwesizukulwane esilandelayo kanye nomthelela wako ekuxilongeni izifo.
Kule ngxoxo, i-News-Medical ikhulume noSolwazi Dana Crawford ngomsebenzi wakhe wocwaningo ngesikhathi sodlame lwe-COVID-19.
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Isikhathi sokuthumela: Sep-07-2021